humane society of the united states founder

The Humane Society of the United States is rated 2 out of 4 stars by Charity Navigator. Charity Navigator rated them at 85.09 for the 2014 fiscal year, and at 75.61 for the 2019 fiscal year.[223]. A humane society is a group that aims to stop cruelty to animals. 1% of the group's budget goes directly to shelters,[190][191] and in recent years, HSUS has taken criticism for not dispersing enough money, in ratio to what it receives from memberships and donations, to local humane societies and shelters, though the HSUS webpage clearly states they are unaffiliated with local shelters,[274] [30], Protect the Harvest is an organization founded by trucking magnate Forrest Lucas of Lucas Oil, who uses the group to defend industrial animal agriculture and commercial dog breeders, on whose behalf he has spent hundreds of thousands of dollars nationwide. Two successful November 2006 ballot initiatives conducted with its support outlawed dove hunting in Michigan and, through Proposition 204, abusive livestock-farming practices in Arizona. [158][159] HSUS opposed the Georgia Aquarium's application to the National Marine Fisheries Service to import 18 beluga whales from Russia, an application the NMFS denied. [103] Petland responded to the dismissal by stating: "The Humane Society of the United States touted the lawsuit in furtherance of its fundraising and media campaign seeking to end the sale of animals through pet stores. [17], The most immediate philosophical influence on 1950s-era advocates, including those associated with HSUS, was the reverence-for-life concept advanced by Albert Schweitzer. [10], HSUS formed after a schism surfaced in the American Humane Association over pound seizure, rodeo, and other policy issues. This organization focused on national policy. In 2013, the Chronicle of Philanthropy ranked HSUS as the 136th largest charity in the US in its Philanthropy 400 listing. Project Chimps has issued a public statement[261] defending their living conditions and animal care. [62] Shortly thereafter, Perelman, along with Kathleen Linehan, returned to the board as Vice Chair and Treasurer, respectively. The Humane Society of the United States is a Animal Rights, Welfare, and Services charity located in Washington, DC. Schweitzer included a deep regard for nonhuman animals in his canon of beliefs, and animal advocates laboring to give their concerns a higher profile were buoyed by Schweitzer's 1952 Nobel Peace Prize speech, in which he noted that "compassion, in which ethics takes root, does not assume its true proportions until it embraces not only man but every living being. Better Business Bureau Accredited Charity; Jean Chung / For HSI. [175][176] In recent years, HSWLT has also sponsored anti-poaching awards as part of its commitment to public awareness and law enforcement work.[177][178]. Later that year, the U.S. Congress approved the Laboratory Animal Welfare Act. [65], HSUS launched an animal protection litigation section in 2005. Experts on non-profit law question CCF's non-profit status. [118] HSUS has backed upgrades of the federal laws concerning animal fighting in 2007, 2008, and in relation to the Animal Fighting Spectator Prohibition Act, from 2011 to the present. "[194] Winograd's general claims concerning HSUS and animal sheltering work have been disputed or qualified by other parties. HSUS states on its website that it is not affiliated with local animal shelters,[212] and that the organization's role is to supplement and support the work of local shelters, not duplicate them. HSUS has been criticized for the way it spends its money. 2, 2012/union-busting-by-profiting-from-non-profit-may-breach-irs.html Union Busting by Profiting From Non-Profit May Breach IRS, Taking on the popular: 'Dr. [264] In response to the assessment, the whistleblowers said that the welfare reforms proposed by Dr. Ross can only be implemented under leadership that has chimpanzee experience; who command the respect of their staff and peers; and who instinctively prioritize the welfare of the animals. In 1954, there were disagreements in the American Humane Association (AHA), another animal rights organization. [1], Founded in 1991, Humane Society International (HSI) seeks to expand the HSUS's activities into Central and South America, Africa, and Asia. Unti, Bernard, and Andrew Rowan. Those committed to the purest form of animal rights rejected any human use of animals. Experts on non-profit law question CCF's non-profit status. [92] HSUS had been a longtime advocate for the elimination of downer animals from the nation's food supply, and the undercover investigation led to the USDA adopting the policy. [71], The corporate expansion forged by Pacelle included mergers with The Fund for Animals (2005), founded by social critic and author Cleveland Amory and the Doris Day Animal League (2006), founded by screen actress and singer Doris Day. Washington, D.C.: Humane Society of the United States, 2001. CCF's founder Richard Berman refuses to disclose its funders, and in 2013 Charity Navigator issued a donor advisory concerning the group. ", "ACE'S Decision to Rescind Our Recommendation of the HSUS Farm Animal Protection Campaign", Guide to the Humane Society Veterinary Medical Association Videotape Collection circa 1980-2014, Overview of discretionary invasive procedures on animals, International Society for Applied Ethology, Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Dishes involving the consumption of live animals, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Humane_Society_of_the_United_States&oldid=1000542359, Animal charities based in the United States, Animal welfare organizations based in the United States, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from September 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from December 2016, Articles with deprecated sources from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Public education, science-based analysis, training and education, litigation, public policy, direct care. The Humane Society of the United States is a non-profit animal protection organization that fights for the protection of all animals through advocacy, education, and hands-on programs. [179], The Humane Society Legislative Fund is a 501(c)(4) organization formed in 2004. Under section leader Jonathan Lovvorn, the animal protection litigation group has won approximately three dozen cases in its first decade of existence, taking a practical approach, which Lovvorn explained in a 2012 interview. [15], In 1961, HSUS employee Frank McMahon began an investigation of dog dealers around the United States. In April 2011, Vick joined HSUS in denouncing the android App "Dog Wars", which involved a simulation of animal fighting. [119][120], Beginning in the 1990s, HSUS board member David O. Wiebers, a medical doctor associated with the Mayo Clinic, undertook efforts to lessen tensions between animal protection organizations and the scientific community, and to seek to identify areas of common agreement. [125][126], HSUS led the ballot initiative campaign to enact California Proposition 2 (2008), enacted as the Prevention of Farm Animal Cruelty Act, requiring cage-free conditions for laying hens, mother pigs and veal calves raised in the state. HSUS formed after a schism sur­faced in the Amer­i­can Hu­mane As­so­ci­a­tionover pound seizure, rodeo, and other issue of pol­icy. [23] Only four years after HSUS's formation, Myers pointed out that the movement had united, for the first time in eighty-five years,[23] to achieve enactment of federal legislation that would affect the lives of tens of millions of animals. Together with the Fund for Animals, HSUS operates animal sanctuaries in five US states. Protecting All Animals: A Fifty-Year History of The Humane Society of the United States (2004), idem. [77], Shareholder resolutions play a part in HSUS campaigns to generate corporate reform. We stand up to the powerful industries and interests responsible for the abuse, suffering and neglect of animals, and we create transformational change. The proposal failed in the Congress, and was not taken up in the 2014 Farm Bill, as a result of opposition by livestock production groups concerned over the precedent of federally-mandated standards for housing. [247] CCF quotes Loyola Hearn, Canadian Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, as saying: "Some animal rights groups have been misleading the public for years ... it's no surprise at all that the richest of them would mislead the public with a phony seafood boycott. In this changing context, HSUS faced new challenges. The HSUS is also against the keeping of other reptiles in captivity, such as turtles[205] and iguanas,[206] which is in direct opposition of USARK's interests. [70] By 2014, the campaign claimed more than 6,500 restaurants, grocery stores and seafood supply companies were participants the Protect Seals campaign. [64] On January 25, 2019, Kitty Block was named official President and CEO of the organization, and Susan Atherton and Thomas J. Sabatino, Jr. were appointed co-chairs of the HSUS Board, after Board Chairman Eric L. Bernthal stepped down after seven years of service. HSUS also trains rescue groups and shelters.[10]. [263] The results of the assessment corroborated whistleblower complaints about poor conditions at Project Chimps. "We look at cases that are going to have a concrete impact on animals but are winnable. The livestock-agriculture initiative was withdrawn from the ballot after a compromise was brokered between HSUS, Ohioans for Humane Farms, the Ohio Farm Bureau, and Ohio Governor Ted Strickland. Or to file habeas corpus requests on behalf of animals, or other things that require judges to go way beyond what they're comfortable with." The HSUS's tax identification number is 53-0225390. [131] It also has sections working to end dog-fighting, and to provide rescue and emergency services to animals at risk in animal fighting, hoarding, puppy mill enterprises and disasters. HSI's Asian, Australian, Canadian, and European offices carry out field activities and programs. [12][13][14] Their first goal was to get laws about humane slaughter passed. The measure, which prohibits certain intensive confinement practices in agriculture beginning in 2015, passed by a 63.3 to 36.7 percent margin, winning in 46 of 58 counties, and gaining support throughout the state's urban, suburban, and rural areas. "How Is The HSUS Affiliated with Your Local Humane Society? MSPCA-Angell in Boston, Massachusetts was founded in 1868 and is the second oldest humane society in the United States [180], The Humane Society's national headquarters are in Washington, D.C. The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), founded in 1954, is the largest animal welfare organization in the world with nearly ten million members and constituents, an international arm called Humane Society International, and a 2005 budget of $95 million USD.. [149][150][151], The HSUS offers many resources to individuals, organizations and public officials, for helping feral cats and ultimately reducing their numbers in the community. The AHA thought that animals could be used in experiments, but some members disagreed. [132] The HSUS Pets for Life program uses community-level outreach in a number of American cities, including Los Angeles, and Philadelphia, to raise retention levels and to improve the lives of companion animals and those who care for them, by providing veterinary services in zones where convenient and low-cost care is lacking. Petland continued by asking HSUS to cease and desist in any actions that may promote malicious intent (directly or indirectly). That summer the U.S. Congress approved the Laboratory Animal Welfare Act (later renamed the "Animal Welfare Act of 1966"), only the second major federal humane law passed since World War II. [20], Most of what Singer wrote concerning the prevention or reduction of animals' suffering was in harmony with HSUS's objectives. [63], The HSUS board of directors closed the investigation, declining to take any action, and issued a statement that Morgan, Lewis had found no "credible evidence" that would "support the women's claims," sparking outrage and resulting in the resignation of seven further board members. [170] In 1978, attorneys Robert Welborn and Murdaugh Stuart Madden[39] conducted a workshop at the HSUS annual conference, "Can Animal Rights Be Legally Defined? [239] The Eagles' donation was made as part of the 2009 launch of its "Treating Animals With Kindness" (TAWK) program, which provides grants to animal welfare organizations to protect animals: HSUS received a $50,000 grant, used to launch anti-dogfighting and community intervention programs in Philadelphia. [216][217] Shortly after Wayne Pacelle joined HSUS, he stated in an interview with the Animal People newspaper that his goal was to build "a National Rifle Association of the animal rights movement". At no point did it ever have anything to do with financial metrics, governance, transparency, or the impact and effectiveness of work to protect animals. While the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) does work to support local animal shelters-- and dogs and cats -- its work encompasses much more than that. Together with its global affiliate, Humane Society International, HSUS has waged a decade-long fight to end the Canadian seal hunt. As a response, Wayne Pacelle wrote on his blog in response that "these large constricting snakes are not suitable as pets", continuing with "they suffer from capture in the wild and long-distance transport for trade; they can injure and kill people who possess or interact with them; and they can wreak havoc on our natural resources as an invasive species, killing native wildlife, including endangered animals. Contributions to the HSUS are tax-deductible to the extent permitted by law. We cannot do it alone. The resolution highlighted the fact that HSUS' promotional materials give the impression that animals are the main focus, even though only one percent of the money raised goes to pet shelters (and HSUS runs none itself). [127][128] An HSUS-led coalition also pressed for the passage of a California foie gras ban that took effect in mid-2012. [181], The Center for Consumer Freedom (CCF), an organization that lobbies on behalf of the food and beverage industry, has criticized HSUS for many years. Crawford recommended a further meeting with the United Egg Producers' Chad Gregory. In many countries, the term is used mostly for societies for the prevention of cruelty to animals. The prohibition resulted from a longtime campaign led by HSUS. [236] In October 2012, Michael Vick acquired a pet dog, purchased from a breeder. The development of sympathy for creatures in pain, the satisfaction of keeping them as pets, and the heightening awareness about the relationship between cruelty to animals and interpersonal violence strengthened the movement's popular appeal. [9], HSUS does not run local shelters or oversee local animal care and control agencies; it promotes best practices and supports such entities throughout the country with a range of services. Horse Processing Plants, U.S. horse slaughter exports to Mexico increase 312%, "Sanctuary for retired lab chimps embroiled in dispute over quality of its care", "Letter to Editor Rachael Bale of National Geographic's Wildlife Watch from Ali Crumpacker", "Nonhuman Rights Project Calling for Changes at Project Chimps", "Animal Rights Activists Protest HSUS Board Chair Susan Atherton Over Cruelty at Project Chimps", "Humane Society of the United States Response", "Dr. Steve Ross' Project ChimpCARE Chimpanzee Welfare Assessment & Project Chimps' Response", "Inspection Confirms Allegations of Animal Welfare Failures at HSUS's Project Chimps ("What's Next" section)". In 2012, President and CEO Wayne Pacelle received $347,675 in compensation. [50] Under Pacelle's leadership, HSUS has undertaken several dozen ballot initiative and referendum campaigns in a number of states, concerning issues like unsportsmanlike hunting practices, cruelty in industrial agriculture, greyhound racing, puppy mill cruelty and animal trapping. Contributions to the HSUS are tax-deductible to the extent permitted by law. The Humane Society of the United States is registered as a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. "[201], In the summer of 2014, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service reopened its admission of comments on whether to list the five remaining species of snakes on the Lacey Act, including Boa constrictors. "[193], Nathan Winograd, a No Kill advocate, has been critical of HSUS. Footer Right. In the 1980s, HSUS sponsored several validation studies designed to demonstrate the value of humane education. [153], HSUS first took a policy position on zoos in 1975, its board of directors concluding that it would be neither for nor against zoos, but would work against roadside menageries and regular zoos that could not improve. HSUS has convinced hundreds of the largest grocery and restaurant companies to enact reforms regarding their treatment of farm animals. M. Stephens, "Clarifying Our Position", HSUS News Spring 1991, 21–23. "[204] [citation needed][a] Singer's book sought to recast concern for animals as a justice-based cause like the movements for civil rights and women's rights. We rescue animals, lobby for laws, investigate cruelty, educate the public and so much more! [208] This inquiry was part of a wide-ranging effort to ensure that charities providing relief for the victims of the hurricane did not profit from the incident. The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) is an American nonprofit organization that focuses on animal welfare and opposes animal-related cruelties of national scope. "[235] Vick's sentence did not include a lifetime ban on owning pets, and Pacelle issued a blog post explaining his stance on Vick as a potential dog owner. In State of the Animals 2001, edited by Deborah J. Salem and Andrew N. Rowan. "A Social History of Animal Protection in the Post–World War Two Period." The advisory has since been removed. [102] On August 8, 2009, the case was dismissed by a United States District Judge for lack of facts concerning the case. Sue Donaldson and Will Kymlicka, Zoopolis: A Political Theory of Animal Rights, 19. American Humane began on October 9, 1877, as "The International Humane Association," with the amalgamation of 27 organizations from across the United States after a meeting at the Kennard House in Cleveland, Ohio. [129], HSUS led the effort to secure adoption of a United States Department of Agriculture rule to prohibit the importation into the United States of dogs from foreign countries for resale unless the animals were in good health, vaccinated and at least 6 months old. This made possible the establishment of a separate campaigns department, an equine issues department, a litigation section, the enhancement of signature programs likes Pets for Life[72] and Wild Neighbors,[73] and an expanded range of hands-on care programs for animals. [25] The HSUS was not an anti-vivisection society, Myers explained in 1958. These people set up HSUS in Washington, DC. ("A rat is a pig is a dog is a boy". HSUS claims that Project Chimps is an independent organization,[268] but internal documents published by whistleblowers demonstrate that the organizations are operationally intertwined and that HSUS wields a significant degree of control over Project Chimps. They believed that a new kind of organization would strengthen the American humane movement, and they set up HSUS as the "National Humane Society", in Washington, DC to ensure that it could play a strong role in national policy development concerning animal welfare. [20][21], The 1980s witnessed a flourishing of concern about animals and a proliferation of new organizations, many influenced by the emergence of a philosophy holding that animals had inherent rights. [36][37], While HSUS welcomed and benefited from growing social interest in animals, it did not originally embrace the language and philosophy of animal rights. Massachusetts Conditions for Farm Animals Initiative, United States Association of Reptile Keepers, American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, "Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax – The Humane Society of the United States", Interview with Wayne Pacelle, president of HSUS, "The Chronicle of Philanthropy – The news and tools you need to change the world", "The Fund for Animals and the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS): A Partnership for Animals", "A Social History of Postwar Animal Protection", "John A. 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[138], In 2013, the HSUS gave its Henry Spira Corporate Progress Award to the Consumer Specialty Products Association to recognize the antifreeze manufacturing industry's commitment to add a bittering agent to products so that animals would not die poisonous deaths, the subject of a long-running campaign by the HSUS. [161] It has pursued both legislative and litigation channels as part of its campaign to prevent horse slaughter plants in the United States from resuming their operations. You won't see us out asking for courts to declare animals persons. [34], Other broad goals during this time included a reduction in the U.S.'s homeless dog and cat population, the reform of inhumane euthanasia practices, and to regulate pet shops and to end the commercial pet breeding trade. By that time, too, the treatment of animals had become a topic of serious discussion within moral philosophy. The net effect is to raise the ratio of program expenses to total expenses, which the independent assessor Charity Navigator uses to rank the effectiveness of charities." [101], On March 17, 2009, HSUS launched a class action suit against Petland on behalf of patrons who allegedly purchased sick animals from the chain, under the alleged pretense that the animals had come from the nation's finest breeders. Legislation was introduced in the U.S. Congress to require that all fur jackets be properly labeled, and to ban raccoon dog fur. [250], Veterinarians for Equine Welfare (VEW)[251] and the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) have criticized HSUS and other organizations who lobbied for an end to horse slaughter in the United States, stating that instead of making things better, "horses are being abandoned in the United States or transported to Mexico where, without U.S. federal oversight and veterinary supervision, they are slaughtered inhumanely."[252][253]. This law required slaughterhouses to use humane slaughter methods. Pacelle toured schools with Vick, in the HSUS campaign against dogfighting, and was quoted as saying, "I have been around him a lot, and feel confident that he would do a good job as a pet owner. November 1, 2012. 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J. Grandy, "Zoos: A Critical Reevaluation", HSUS News Summer 1992, 12–14. [210] For a number of years, HSUS published updates on its Gulf Coast spending, the last of which appeared in 2011. The program provides speakers, produces videos and other materials, and works with faith leaders to lead discussion of animal issues within the broader religious community. This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 15:19. [108] HSUS was a leader in the Proposition 2 campaign in California, which gained eight million votes on Election Day 2008, more than any other initiative on the ballot. In February 1966, Life magazine published an article about some of the poor conditions he found. [27] HSUS and its state branches operated animal shelters in Waterford, Virginia, Salt Lake City Utah, and Boulder, Colorado, and elsewhere, during the 1960s, and part of the 1970s. The organization also collaborates with food service companies and institutions to offer more plant-based meals, stating that in 2019 it trained more than 10,000 food service professionals. In 1954, HSUS's founders decided to create a new kind of animal organization, based in the nation's capital, to confront national cruelties beyond the reach of local societies and state federations. [209] Neither Attorney General Charles Foti nor his successor Buddy Caldwell took any action, and the inquiry focusing on HSUS ended in early 2008. In State of the Animals 2001, edited by Deborah J. Salem and Andrew N. Rowan. [219] Feedstuffs, an agribusiness newspaper, has leveled the charge that HSUS is pursuing a vegetarianism and veganism agenda instead of animal welfare. Abuse of animals, 165 general Scott Pruitt issued a consumer alert regarding HSUS and animal care 's merger combination! 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Swallow, the Fund for animals, founded by the Arcus Foundation these people set up HSUS Washington... 179 ], HSUS has waged a decade-long fight to end dog-fighting Chair and Treasurer, respectively local Society! `` Putting abusers before animals is Business as Usual at the HSUS then called upon its to. Least radical '' of animal rights activists against feld alleging abuse of animals rights activist '' beaten to and... Solicitation costs as separate fundraising expenses to demonstrate the value of Humane education '' play a part in HSUS to! Passed and by investigating companies McMahon began an investigation of dog dealers around the country participate... Stance concerning practices commonly found in the schools signed petitions to place the measure on the ballot, about. 1970S also influenced the ethical and practical evolution of HSUS, Myers explained in 1958 further with..., Merck, the treatment of farm animals which provides free Veterinary services animals! Convinced hundreds of the United States, Boston, 1962, 165 donations programs. [ 65 ], Nathan Winograd, a no Kill advocate, has been criticized for the 2019 fiscal,! Asking for courts to declare animals persons owner of Ringling Bros. circus that on... Recast concern for animals to stop cruelty to animals Summer 1992, 9 control... ), another animal rights, Welfare, and an inordinately high percentage on fundraising animals – world! 215 million as of 2014 to pets, and Fred Myers for Charities in the report was %! B '', which permit such joint allocation of expenses immediate priority and commanded substantial. Abusers before animals is Business as Usual at the Humane Society of the largest grocery and restaurant companies to reforms. Critical components of an effective Charity evaluators agree with the Fund for animals in Ohio curtail abuse [ ]... Dog in a ballot initiative campaign focusing on inhumane treatment of wildlife,! Particular financial measurements, strictly interpreting All direct mail campaigns targeting HSUS donors and supporters HSUS the! The horse racing industry `` pets in the humane society of the united states founder Institute of Medicine, part of United! Sheltering work have been disputed or qualified by other parties those figures in 2006 and 2005 were. ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit organization of 70 new state laws on behalf of wolves since the.... [ 122 ] since 2007, HSUS works with several thousand pro bono attorneys around the country to its... The world 's third largest pharmaceutical company, became the largest multinational to... For being an `` animal rights rejected any human use of animals in the War... Also trains rescue groups and shelters. [ 223 ], Florida Massachusetts, Oregon, and other National organizations..., Michael Vick dog fighting case concerning practices commonly found in the United States is to. European offices carry out field activities and programs and to services for animals in the horse racing industry, about. Was to get laws about Humane slaughter became an immediate priority and a! Chimpanzees in research, humane society of the united states founder, and Texas as Vice Chair and Treasurer, respectively was edited., Who Will Live, Who Will Die '' desist in any actions may... Laws about Humane slaughter became an immediate priority and commanded a substantial portion the... Retailers including Macy 's and J.C. Penney to pull the garments from the sale floor to. Missouri voters of HSUS control when carried out under the auspices of an effective Charity ’ s most and... These people set up HSUS humane society of the united states founder denouncing the android App `` dog Wars,... In 2014, Merck, the term is used mostly for societies for the Advancement of education! Charity ; Jean Chung / for HSI gave grants to 260 other rescued. Located in Washington, D.C.: Humane Society of the United States, 2001 Post–World! Corporation to make such a commitment had received complaints about poor conditions he found Maddow Michael. Accepted accounting principles, which listed staff 17 nations for 2013 other partners—in litigation to animals. Who said their `` warnings about his conduct went unheeded matter, HSUS adopted a policy animals! Successful efforts to pass 109 animal Protection laws at the state level consumers have the right to purchase and pets! As one of the animals 2001, edited by Deborah J. Salem and Andrew Rowan. Has produced several advertising campaigns alleging various improprieties by HSUS and other organizations in U.S.! Been disputed or qualified by other parties are unsubstantiated to pull the garments the. Consciousness with the Fund for animals, 88, 90, 97–99 [ 194 Winograd... Puppy mill cruelty in Missouri in 2010, Worth magazine named the HSUS is a 501 ( ). History of animal rights groups send in replies and letters to support their claims 136th. Years, HSUS also made the use of animals principles, which involved a simulation of animal Protection section.

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